Manual of Arms Positions
POSITION OF THE SOLDIER:
Use: Position with musket grounded; position taken when called to attention.
Use: salute while under arms.
If properly positioned, middle band is at chin level, hammer just below belt level
Use: carry position for moves of short distance or through underbrush; assumed position marching and no arms carry position is ordered.
Use: protect and keep nipple area dry in inclement weather; prevent water from entering barrel
Use: arms position for front rank while closing on enemy or defending with bayonets